Many believe that Canada’s economic recovery from COVID-19 requires equal access to good child care options so that parents, and especially women, are able to return to work. The cost and quality of child care in Canada depends on where you live. A 2019 survey found that the median (mid-point) for the monthly costs of infant child care in major cities ranges from $179- $1,774 per month. The lowest costs are found in Quebec where the provincial government provides significant funding for public child care and sets the fees at a low rate.
A Liberal government would reduce childcare fees by 50% next year, and would continue finalizing agreements with the provinces and territories to put in place a $10-a-day childcare program within the next five years. A Liberal government would also work with Quebec to build on its own childcare system.
In 2021, as the Canadian economy recovers from the impact of pandemic lockdowns, managing and promoting economic activity will be a key priority for the governing party. Some signs of a healthy economy include high levels of employment, decent wages, businesses making money, new home construction, lower interest/borrowing rates, and overall growth in business activities and consumption of goods and services.
The Bloc Québécois maintains that seasonal businesses which have lost two seasons because of the pandemic (such as sugar shacks) should receive more help from the federal government.
If elected, an NDP government would continue for small businesses to help them pay rent and staff until they’re able to fully reopen after the pandemic. An NDP government would pay the money small businesses would usually have to pay into an employee’s EI or CPP for new or rehired staff, and would cap fees that businesses have to pay to credit card companies for sales at 1%.
If elected, a Green government would introduce a Just Transition Act before the end of 2021. The purpose of this Act would be to make sure the transition to a decarbonized economy takes place in a fair way that protects communities and affected people (such as workers in greenhouse gas-intensive industries, Indigenous Peoples, marginalized communities).
Although education is a provincial responsibility, the federal government provides support for education through funding research and jobs training, creating programs to help Canadians save for post secondary tuition, and offering loans and grants through the Canada Student Financial Assistance Program. In the 2021 budget, the federal government committed $5.7 billion over five years for measures intended to help young people access education and find jobs.
The Bloc Québécois demands that Ottawa contribute to coaching, training, and networking intended for women entrepreneurs, to promote equality between men and women in Quebec.
Canada has a large and diverse energy supply which includes oil and gas, coal, hydropower, biomass, solar, geothermal, wind, marine and nuclear power. About 82% of Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions come from energy production and consumption. In addition to powering homes and businesses within Canada, energy exports are an important part of the economy. In 2019, Canada exported $134.3 billion of energy products to 141 countries.
A Liberal government would work to reduce by 40-45% below 2005 levels by 2030 and would aim to reach no later than 2050. A Liberal government would also set five-year for emissions reductions from the oil and gas industry and require oil and gas companies to reduce their by 75% below 2012 levels by 2030.
If elected, a Conservative government would remove the for individuals and replace it with a new Personal Low Carbon Savings Account. This would mean that every time someone purchases fuel, they would pay an additional cost into a personal savings account. That cost would begin at $20/tonne, and would increase to $50/tonne at a later date. The money in the savings account could only be used to help pay for things to reduce their , like public transit passes, , or green home renovations.
The Bloc Québécois wants to adjust the to add reduction goals that the Canadian government has set for itself.
If elected, an NDP government would set a target to reduce by at least 50% from 2005 levels by 2030. To get there, an NDP government would create a Climate Accountability Office, which would provide independent oversight of the federal government’s progress on responding to climate change, and recommend further actions. It would make sure the government’s financial controls and decisions, like who the money to, are aligned with a goal of .
Federal and provincial governments regulate the activities of industry, government and trading partners in order to minimize impacts on the environment and human health. The federal government also enters into agreements and partnerships at the international level to protect the environment. In 2021, the federal government set a new target of reducing Canada’s emissions by 40 to 45% below 2005 levels by the year 2030 and passed the Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act which aims to achieve net-zero emissions by or before 2050. A net-zero economy would either emit no greenhouse gas emissions, or offset any emissions created through other actions, such as planting trees.
Provincial and territorial governments are responsible for providing health care to their residents. To support them, the federal government provides funding through the Canada Health Transfer. In 2021-22 the provinces and territories will receive $43.1 billion in health funding. While this amount is set to increase in future years, provincial and territorial premiers would like to see more funds promised to help pay for increasing healthcare costs.
If elected, an NDP government would work with the provinces and territories to improve access to , and reduce wait times for treatments or surgeries. This would include creating and funding a platform for doing virtual healthcare, and making a plan to recruit and maintain doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.
The Bloc Québécois maintains that the federal government must, without conditions, increase financial health transfers to cover up to 35% of care-related costs.
In March 2021 prices in the Canadian housing market reached record highs, especially across BC and Ontario. Constructing more affordable housing units, strengthening regulation of housing prices, and providing financial incentives to help new home-buyers are some of the solutions proposed to address the issue. As Canadians face rising rent and housing prices, other costs are also on the rise. Canadians are paying more for groceries as the food supply chain is affected by the pandemic and environmental events such as wildfires.
The Bloc Québécois proposes that Ottawa gradually in social, community-based, and truly affordable housing until it reaches 1% of its annual revenue totals, to ensure consistent and predictable funding.
If elected, an NDP government would create 500,000 new affordable housing units within ten years, with half ready within five years. An NDP government would set up new fast-start funds to get quick funding to communities looking to build affordable housing, and would waive GST or the federal portion of HST on the construction of affordable rental units.
Every year hundreds of thousands of new people call Canada home. The 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan sets out targets for new permanent residents able to enter Canada. Under the plan, Canada aims to welcome more than 400,000 immigrants each year. These numbers are higher than usual, as the COVID-19 pandemic meant that much fewer immigrants came to the country in 2020.
The Bloc Québécois plans to propose several measures to reduce delays in processing applications for permanent residency and immigration applications. The party also demands that control of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program be transferred to Quebec.
Indigenous peoples have inhabited the land that is now called Canada for thousands of years before Confederation and have unique rights that are recognized and affirmed in the Constitution. Despite these rights, for over a century the Canadian government took actions to try to eliminate Indigenous governance systems and traditional ways of life. Indigenous children were removed from their homes and families and sent away to residential schools where many were abused. While the federal government has formally apologized to residential school survivors and set up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to lead a process of healing, the effects of Canada’s Indigenous policies have had lasting impacts that remain today, such as lower outcomes in education, income, and health than the non-Indigenous population.
The Bloc Québécois wants to work with Indigenous nations to strengthen and protect their . The party also plans to make sure that the federal government implements the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples fully.
While for much of 2020 and 2021 the top priority has been limiting the spread of COVID within Canada, the pandemic, and other key issues (such as climate change) don’t always remain within political borders. Canada enters into agreements and partnerships with other countries internationally for trade purposes, to provide assistance, and to cooperate on solving global issues.
If reelected, a Liberal government would increase the amount Canada spends on every year until 2030 to meet the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals. A Liberal government would provide new funding for girls’ and refugees’ education, and double its funding for women’s rights organizations at the local/community level.
The Bloc Québécois proposes that Canada play a significant role at the World Health Organization (WHO) to implement a coordinated guidance for approving vaccines, mixed vaccinations, and quarantine procedures which takes pandemic developments in different countries and the emergence of variants into account.
The administration of justice in Canada is shared among federal, provincial and territorial governments and the judiciary. At the federal level, the Department of Justice is tasked with promoting respect for rights and freedoms, the law and the Constitution and ensuring that Canada is a just and law-abiding society with an accessible, efficient and fair system of justice. Despite this, some continue to experience discrimination based on factors such as gender, age, sexual orientation, religion, culture, ethnicity, or disability. When conflicts arise, whether between citizens or levels of governments, courts resolve disputes, and interpret and establish the law.
Canada is the only country with universal health care that does not also offer universal pharmacare. Currently, most Canadians rely on their workplace health insurance plans to help pay for the prescription drugs they need. While provincial and territorial governments do have plans in place to help residents access prescription drugs, in most regions only certain groups, like the elderly or those with low incomes, are eligible for these public plans.
In a country as large as Canada, ensuring the smooth movement of people and goods is important. Transportation policy is also significant in discussions of climate change as after the oil and gas sector, transportation has historically been Canada's second largest contributor of greenhouse gas emissions.
The Bloc Québécois demands that any federal amounts for building be transferred, without conditions, to Quebec.
If reelected, a Liberal government would commit to developing high-frequency rail. A Liberal government would continue the high-frequency rail project between Toronto and Quebec City, connecting Peterborough, Ottawa, Montreal and other urban centres, and would explore opportunities to extend it towards London and Windsor.
The Government of Quebec, its National Assembly and the French Language Charter uphold French as the sole common and official language of Quebec. The Bloc Québécois wants to use all its resources to ensure that the federal Official Languages Act no longer applies to private businesses in Quebec.
If reelected, a Liberal government would require owners of assault weapons to either sell the firearm to the government for destruction, or have it terminated for use at the government’s expense. A Liberal government would also set further restrictions on guns, and set aside at least $1 billion to support provinces or territories who decide to implement a on handguns.