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View candidates' main stances organized by topic

Economy

A re-elected Liberal government would implement a federal minimum wage of $15 per hour, set to rise with inflation. For provinces and territories where a higher minimum wage is already in place, those minimums will remain.[1]

Liberal Party

If elected, a People’s Party government will overhaul Canada’s agricultural supply management system. Under supply management, specific sectors limit the supply of their products in order to ensure predictable, stable prices. A People’s Party government would phase out quotas on dairy products to increase the supply and lower prices for Canadian consumers. Farmers affected by this policy will be compensated while they adjust to the new system.[2][3]

People's Party

A Conservative government would cancel the carbon tax and introduce the Universal Tax Cut to reduce the rate of the lowest income bracket from 15% to 13.75%.[4]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will establish a federal minimum wage of $15 an hour.[5][6]

Green Party

An NDP government would aim to increase the wages of over 900,000 Canadian workers by instituting a national minimum wage, to be set at $15. All unpaid internships outside of school programs would be banned.[7][8]

New Democratic Party

The Bloc Québécois will campaign for the right to separate from Canada with full compensation and without any conditions placed on Quebec. Once complete, the elimination of two levels of government is expected to save hundreds of millions of dollars. These funds will be redirected towards programs within Québéc.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Environment

The Liberal Party pledges that if elected they will introduce legally binding targets to make Canada carbon-neutral by 2050. This means that Canada would put the same or fewer carbon emissions into the air as compared to what is taken out.[10][11]

Liberal Party

A People’s Party government would not fund government interventions to fight climate change.[12]

People's Party

A Conservative government would focus on green technology, not taxes. It would require major emitters to invest in green technology, introduce incentives for green innovation, and offer a credit to encourage Canadians to make green renovations to their homes. It would also work to make our natural environment cleaner and greener and take the climate change fight global.[13][14]

Conservative Party

The Greens would establish an inner Cabinet, similar to the Second World War “War Cabinets” that would bring together members across party lines to tackle climate change.[15][16]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government would declare a climate emergency and seek to make Canada a world leader in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The NDP would invest in energy efficient green technologies in order to stabilize the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.[17][18]

New Democratic Party

The Bloc is proposing green equalization, a tax reform that would reshape the carbon tax, shift some of the income tax to green taxation and revise the equalization formula to include incentives to fight climate change much more actively.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Energy

If elected, the Liberal government will offer Canadians up to $40,000 in interest-free loans to renovate their homes to make them more energy efficient. They would also provide up to $5,000 to buy net-zero emission homes.

Liberal Party

A People’s Party government would abolish the federal carbon tax and allow provinces to decide for themselves if they would like to reduce their own emissions through carbon pricing.[12]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will create a single corridor for major construction projects to run through, with the aim of minimizing environmental impacts and assessment costs. A Conservative government would get Canadian energy to international markets by repealing Bill C-69 and creating a reliable environmental assessment.[19]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will put a price on carbon through a “fee and dividend” system while ensuring it is revenue neutral (fees collected from industry will be redistributed to Canadians) and end all subsidies to fossil fuel companies.[15][16]

Green Party

An NDP government would maintain the federal carbon tax and will hold large polluters accountable for greenhouse gas emissions.[17][18]

New Democratic Party

If elected, the Bloc Québécois will ensure that Quebecers will not have to pay for the billions in debts incurred by the hydroelectric program in Newfoundland.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Healthcare

If re-elected, the Liberals will set clear national standards for access to mental health services, and continue to improve access to homecare and palliative care.[20][21]

Liberal Party

If elected, the People’s Party will replace the Canada Health Transfer (payments sent to each province from the federal government to fund healthcare) with a tax credit worth the same amount. The intention of this policy is to give provinces and territories more power in dealing with their specific healthcare challenges, such as long wait times. Poorer provinces will be temporarily compensated more if the tax credit is worth less than the Health Transfer.[22][23]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will maintain the minimum 3% annual increase for the Canada Health Transfer. It would also invest $1.5 billion in MRI and CT machines to cut wait times for important diagnostic imaging.[24][25]

Conservative Party

A Green government would eliminate two-tier healthcare in Canada (where all citizens have basic care but can pay for additional, faster, or better quality care).[26][27]

Green Party

An NDP government would fight privatization and user fees in the Canadian healthcare system.[28][29]

New Democratic Party

Québec has asked Ottawa to increase health transfers by 6% per year, to cover up to 25% of Québec's total cost. Without the increase, the Bloc expects there will be losses of $14 billion in the next decade that would lead to cuts in health services.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Pharmacare

A re-elected Liberal government would move forward with three foundational elements of national pharmacare: (1) A Canadian Drug Agency to coordinate assessment and negotiation of prescription drug prices on behalf of Canadians; (2) a ‘national formulary’ that provides a comprehensive, evidence-based list of prescribed drugs; and (3) a national strategy for high-cost drugs for rare diseases to ensure better access to the effective treatments Canadians need.[30][31]

Liberal Party

The PPC is opposed to a centralized national pharmacare program.The PPC believes our Constitution should be respected and opposes federal intrusions into provincial jurisdictions. This means that health care, including pharmacare, is an area of exclusive provincial jurisdiction.

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will lower the price of drugs and improve access to those who cannot afford it. It will not introduce a multibillion-dollar plan that will require higher taxes and an end to private insurance plans.[32]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will create a crown corporation to introduce Pharmacare. The corporation would purchase prescription drugs in bulk and provide them free of charge to those who need it. A Green government would create a national drug reduction strategy and regulate the distribution of pharmaceuticals to prevent over-medication.[33][34]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government will invest $10 billion every year and work alongside provincial governments to fund prescription drugs for all Canadians.[35][36]

New Democratic Party

If Ottawa finances a pharmacare model similar to the one already put in place by Quebec, the Bloc Québécois will expect full compensation for Québec as the system already in place has been financed by Québec.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

International Relations

If elected, a Liberal Government will establish a Canadian Centre for Peace, Order and Good Government to help those seeking to build peace, advance justice, promote human rights and democracy worldwide.[1]

Liberal Party

If elected, a People’s Party will continue working with international allies while remaining out of conflicts unless there is a national interest to get involved.[37][37]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will always stand up for Canada’s interests on the world stage. A Conservative government would repair relationships with key allies and reinvigorate the alliances with our democratic allies.[38][39]

Conservative Party

A Green government would build and strengthen relations with the US and promote mutual cooperation on bilateral trade, tourism, and humanitarian efforts.[40][41]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government will commit 0.7% of Canada’s Gross National Income to international development assistance.[42][43]

New Democratic Party

The Bloc will use its right to diplomacy during international parliamentary missions to promote Québec, its sovereignty project, and to develop a network of sympathizers to Québec’s cause.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Education and Training

If re-elected, a Liberal government will invest $100 million into skills training for workers in green industries.[44]

Liberal Party

The PPC believes our Constitution should be respected and opposes federal intrusions into provincial jurisdictions. Education and training is an area of exclusive provincial jurisdiction.

People's Party

A Conservative government will boost the Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP) to help with savings for postsecondary education.[45]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will work towards abolishing tuition and eliminating student debt over $10,000. A Green government would also increase federal student grants by 25% and extend grants available for Masters and PhD students.[46][47][48][49]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government will work with provinces to cap and reduce tuition fees at post-secondary institutions and eventually work towards integrating post-secondary education into the public education system.[50][51]

New Democratic Party

A Bloc Québecois government would demand that federal investments in job training programs be invested in programs already in place in Quebec.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Immigration

If re-elected, a Liberal government will move forward with two programs. First, a Municipal Nominee Program will allow local communities, chambers of commerce, and local labour councils to directly sponsor permanent immigrants. Second, the Atlantic Immigration Pilot that currently supports greater immigration across Atlantic Canada would be made permanent. At least 5,000 new spaces will be dedicated to each of these programs.[1]

Liberal Party

A People’s Party government would reduce the number of annual immigrants to between 100,000 and 150,000 (this number is lower than the current target of 330,000). The People’s Party immigration policy will place emphasis on specialized economic immigrants and reduce numbers in the categories of family reunification and refugees.[52][53][54]

People's Party

Conservatives believe that fair, orderly, and compassionate immigration is essential to Canada. A Conservative government would work immediately to restore the fairness, order and compassion of our immigration system. If elected, a Conservative government will end illegal border crossings into Canada and close loopholes in the Safe-Third Country Agreement to make a fairer immigration system.[55][56][57][58]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will end the Temporary Foreign Workers Program and increase immigration where there are worker shortages.[59][60]

Green Party

To reunite families, an elected NDP government would end the cap to sponsor parents and grandparents to come to Canada and reduce backlogs to speed up the process.[61][62]

New Democratic Party

The Bloc Québécois has asked for $300 million in reimbursement for the fees incurred at the provincial level for housing, healthcare and education of asylum seekers, despite it being a federal responsibility.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Housing

The Liberals would move forward with a First-Time Home Buyer Incentive. This would take up to ten percent off the price of a home to provide more help to Canadians living in higher-cost housing markets (to begin, the incentive will be available for those living in the greater Toronto, Vancouver and Victoria regions).[63]

Liberal Party

The PPC believes our Constitution should be respected and opposes federal intrusions into provincial jurisdictions. Housing is an area of exclusive provincial jurisdiction.

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will rework the mortgage stress test for first-time home buyers and work with the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions to remove the stress test for mortgage renewals. A mortgage stress test is a financial test that homebuyers must pass in order to qualify for a mortgage. l A Conservative government would also extend the mortgage amortization period (the amount of time a homebuyer has to repay a loan) to 30 years. This is intended to make it easier to focus on increasing affordable housing supply by reducing regulations in provinces and municipalities that discourage new home construction.[64][65]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will invest in energy efficient co-operative housing to support co-ops and encourage more affordable housing units.[66][67]

Green Party

An NDP government would invest $5 billion in the first 18 months of their term to provide affordable housing and build 500,000 affordable units over 10 years.[50][51]

New Democratic Party

The Bloc Québécois will work to maintain current convention grants (affordable rental rates), while enhancing the budget allocated to the construction, renovation and transformation of affordable and social housing.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Transit

The Liberals believe that public transit is a key part of what makes our communities better places to live. In Budget 2016, the Liberals invested $3.4 billion over three years into transit upgrades and improvements. Budget 2017 invested an additional $25.3 billion over the next ten years. A re-elected Liberal government will contribute an additional $3 billion more per year in stable, predictable transit funding to Canadian cities.[68][69][1]

Liberal Party

The PPC believes our Constitution should be respected and opposes federal intrusions into provincial jurisdictions. Transit is an area of exclusive provincial jurisdiction.

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government would introduce a Green Public Transit Tax Credit, which will give Canadians a 15% rebate on their bus passes and other public transit costs. It will also work to develop emissions-reducing technology for vehicles to close the gap between conventional and zero-emission vehicles.[70][71]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will create a smart National Transportation Strategy.[72][73]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government will modernize and expand public transit across Canadian communities. Federal transit funds will be directed towards scaling up low carbon transit and electrifying transit fleets by 2030.[17][18]

New Democratic Party

For the Bloc, it's simple: The amounts dedicated to infrastructure must be transferred unconditionally and in bulk to the Government of Quebec. The only exception to this rule would be for federal wharves and small regional ports.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Childcare

A re-elected Liberal government would increase the Canada Child Benefit by 15% for children under the age of one. This will amount to up to an additional $1,000 for new parents.[74]

Liberal Party

The PPC believes our Constitution should be respected and opposes federal intrusions into provincial jurisdictions. Child care is an area of exclusive provincial jurisdiction.

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will make Employment Insurance, maternity, and parental benefits tax-free. A Conservative government would introduce tax credits for children’s arts, fitness, and learning and will maintain the Child Care Benefit.[75][76]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will restore and revamp the 2005 agreement between the federal and provincial governments to achieve universal childcare, and encourage workplaces to create childcare spaces by providing direct tax credits of $1,500 per child per year.[77][78]

Green Party

An NDP government will implement a national universal child care program.[35][36]

New Democratic Party

The Bloc will demand $190 million from the federal government to reimburse Quebec taxpayers for daycare fees.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Indigenous Issues

If re-elected, a Liberal government will enact new legislation to improve the quality of health care for Indigenous people. This legislation would be co-developed with First Nations, Métis, and Inuit governments to meet the unique needs of each Indigenous group.[79]

Liberal Party

If elected, the People’s Party will change or abolish the Indian Act to create a new relationship with First Nations groups. A People’s Party government will respect the treaties already signed.[80]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will ensure that infrastructure projects involve Indigenous consultations in the forefront of the planning process.[65][24]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will abolish the federal Indian Act, allow Indigenous peoples to govern themselves, and work towards a National Healing Strategy to right previous wrongs.[81][82]

Green Party

An NDP government would seek to reconcile the relationship between the Crown and Indigenous groups across Canada. To do this, the NDP would develop a National Action Plan for Reconciliation with Indigenous peoples. This plan would ensure that Canada’s laws, policies, and practices are consistent with Canada’s human rights commitments under the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action.[83]

New Democratic Party

The Bloc proposes to work to develop administrative autonomy in education, justice, and culture for First Nations communities based on the example of la Paix des braves. La Paix des braves is an agreement between the Cree Nation and the Government of Quebec.[9]

Bloc Quebecois

Justice

If elected, a Liberal government will ban semi-automatic assault weapons and enable municipalities to restrict or prohibit handguns.[84]

Liberal Party

If elected, a Conservative government will crack down on gangs by ending automatic bail for gang members and creating tougher sentences for gang activity.[85][86]

Conservative Party

The Bloc believes that private donations to all political parties should be capped at $500 and public funding should be dependent on the number of votes each party receives.[9]

Bloc Quebecois