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View candidates' main stances organized by topic

Economy

[2015] If elected, tax breaks for wealthy Canadians will be cancelled and a 33 percent tax bracket will be introduced for those earning over $200,000 per year.[1]

Liberal Party

If elected, a People’s Party government will overhaul Canada’s agricultural supply management system. Under supply management, specific sectors limit the supply of their products in order to ensure predictable, stable prices. A People’s Party government would phase out quotas on dairy products to increase the supply and lower prices for Canadian consumers. Farmers affected by this policy will be compensated while they adjust to the new system.[2]

People's Party

A Conservative government would cut red tape and reduce costs to make it easier to start a business.[3]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will establish a federal minimum wage of $15 an hour.[4]

Green Party

An NDP government will bring back a national minimum wage set at $15 which will increase wages of over 900,000 Canadian workers. In addition, all unpaid internships outside of school programs will be banned.

New Democratic Party

The Bloc Quebecois will advocate for high speed internet across all regions in Quebec and make it a right for all citizens.[5]

Bloc Quebecois

Environment

If elected, a Liberal government would declare climate change a national emergency.

Liberal Party

A People’s Party government would not jeopardize Canada’s prosperity by spending on government interventions to fight climate change.[6]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will create a single corridor for major construction projects to run through, with the aim of minimizing environmental impacts and assessment costs.[7]

Conservative Party

The Greens would establish an inner Cabinet, similar to the Second World War "War Cabinets" that would bring together members across party lines to tackle climate change.[8]

Green Party

The NDP would declare a climate emergency seek to make Canada a world leader in reducing greenhouse gas emissions to under 1.5 degrees celsius by investing in energy efficient green technologies. Canadian companies that produce green technologies would be supported by an NDP government as they seek to make all federal vehicles electric by 2025.

New Democratic Party

Ottawa should reconsider its decision to re-invest in fossil fuels and instead put in place a program to transport electricity between provinces.[5]

Bloc Quebecois

Energy Policy

A Liberal government would continue pricing carbon emissions through a carbon tax of $20 per tonne and increasing by $10 every year up to $50 per tonne.[9]

Liberal Party

A People’s Party government would abolish the federal carbon tax and allow provinces to decide for themselves if they would like to reduce their own emissions through cap and trade or a carbon tax.[6]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will seek to make Canada 100% energy independent and refine Alberta’s oil instead of importing it by 2030.[3]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will put a price on carbon through a "fee and dividend" system while ensuring it is revenue neutral (fees collected from industry will be redistributed to Canadians) and end all subsidies to fossil fuel companies.[8]

Green Party

An elected NDP government will uphold the current carbon pricing strategy to reduce carbon emissions including offering rebates to households while holding large polluters accountable for greenhouse gas emissions.

New Democratic Party

Healthcare

If elected, a Liberal government would decriminalize opioid addiction to address the growing health crisis.[10]

Liberal Party

If elected, the People’s Party will replace the Canada Health Transfer (payments sent to each province from the federal government to fund healthcare) with a tax credit worth the same amount. The intention of this policy is to give provinces and territories more power in dealing with their specific healthcare challenges such as long wait times. Poorer provinces will be temporarily compensated more if the tax credit is worth less than the Health Transfer.[11]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will maintain the 3% annual increase for the health transfer.[12]

Conservative Party

A Green government would eliminate two-tier healthcare in Canada (where all citizens have basic care but can pay for additional, faster, or better quality care).[4]

Green Party

An NDP government will fight privatization and user fees of the Canadian healthcare system, including the sale of blood products. Abortions will be made accessible everywhere in Canada and reduce wait times while improving access to primary care.

New Democratic Party

Québec has asked to Ottawa to increase health transfers by 6% per year up to 25% of Québec's total cost. Without the increase, there will be losses of $14 billion in the next decade and would lead to cuts in health services.[5]

Bloc Quebecois

Pharmacare

If elected, a Liberal government would introduce universal prescription drug coverage.[10]

Liberal Party

If elected, a Green government will create a crown corporation to introduce Pharmacare. The corporation would purchase prescription drugs in bulk and provide them free of charge to those who need it. A Green government would create a national drug reduction strategy and regulate the distribution of pharmaceuticals to prevent over-medication.[13]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government will invest $10 billion every year alongside provincial governments by 2020 to fund prescription drugs for all Canadians.

New Democratic Party

If Ottawa finances a pharmacare model similar to the one already put in place by Quebec, the Bloc Québécois will expect full compensation for Québec, which has been at the forefront of what is done in Canada so far.[14]

Bloc Quebecois

International Relations

[2015] A Liberal government will continue delivering aid to the world’s poorest countries with a focus on Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health.[15]

Liberal Party

If elected, a People’s Party will continue working with international allies while remaining out of conflicts unless there is a national interest to get involved.[16]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will end the $256 million funding agreement with the Asian Infrastructure Bank and direct funds towards Canadian national interests instead.[3]

Conservative Party

A Green government would build and strengthen relations with the US and promote mutual cooperation on bilateral trade, tourism, and humanitarian efforts.[4]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government will commit 0.7% of Canada’s Gross National Income to international aid.

New Democratic Party

The Bloc will diplomacy during international parliamentary missions to promote Québec, its sovereignty project, and to develop a network of sympathizers to Québec’s cause.[17]

Bloc Quebecois

Education and Training

[2015] A Liberal government will increase the maximum Canada Student Grant for low-income students to $3,000 for full-time students and $1,800 for part-time students. [2015] If elected, a Liberal government will increase non-repayable grant assistance to $850 million by 2020.[18]

Liberal Party

Under a Conservative government, universities that do not foster a culture of free speech would not receive federal funding.[19]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will work towards abolishing tuition and eliminating student debt over $10,000. A Green government would also increase federal student grants by 25% and extend grants available for Masters and PhD students.[20][4]

Green Party

If elected, an NDP government will work with provinces to cap and reduce tuition fees at post-secondary institutions and eventually work towards integrating it into part of the public education system. This will allow all Canadians to go from kindergarten to graduation without worrying about costs.

New Democratic Party

A Bloc Quebecois government will demand that federal investments in job training programs must be invested in programs already in place in Quebec.[21]

Bloc Quebecois

Immigration

[2015] If elected, a Liberal government will increase the amount of applications for parents and grandparents to immigrate to Canada so that families can be reunited. New spouses will also be granted permanent residency and wait times for applications will come down.[22]

Liberal Party

A People’s Party government would reduce the number of annual immigrants to between 100,000 and 150,000 (down from the current target of 330,000). The People’s Party immigration policy will place emphasis on specialized economic immigrants and reduce numbers in the categories of family reunification and refugees.[23][24]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will end illegal border crossings into Canada and close loopholes in the Safe-Third Country Agreement to make a fairer immigration system. The Safe-Third Country Agreement between the United States and Canada requires refugee claimants to request refugee protection in the first safe country they arrive in, unless they qualify for an exception.[25]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will end the Temporary Foreign Workers Program and increase immigration where there are worker shortages.[4]

Green Party

To reunite families, an elected NDP government will end the cap to sponsor parents and grandparents to come to Canada and reduce backlogs to speed up the process.

New Democratic Party

The Bloc Québécois has asked for $300 million in reimbursement for the fees incurred by housing, healthcare and education of asylum seekers, despite it being a federal responsibility.[26]

Bloc Quebecois

Housing

[2015] If elected, a Liberal government will remove GST on investments in affordable housing at a value of $125 million per year.[27]

Liberal Party

If elected, a Conservative government will focus on increasing affordable housing supply by reducing regulations in provinces and municipalities that discourage new home construction.[3]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will invest in energy efficient co-operative housing to support co-ops and encourage more affordable housing units.[4]

Green Party

An NDP government will invest $5 billion in the first 18 months of their term to provide affordable housing with plans to build 500,000 units over 10 years.

New Democratic Party

Transit

[2015] If elected, a Liberal government will quadruple public transit investment, adding an additional $20 billion over the next 10 years.[28]

Liberal Party

If elected, a Conservative government would work to develop emissions-reducing technology for vehicles to close the gap between conventional and zero-emission vehicles.[29]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will create a smart National Transportation Strategy.[4]

Green Party

If elected, and NDP government will expand public transit across Canadian communities. Federal transit funds will be directed towards electrifying s busses by 2030.

New Democratic Party

Childcare

[2015] If elected, a Liberal government will begin work on a new National Early Learning and Child Care Framework, to deliver affordable, high-quality, flexible, and fully inclusive child care for Canadian families.[30]

Liberal Party

If elected, a Conservative government will provide parents of young children with a tax credit on income earned through Employment Insurance or Parental Benefits.[31]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will restore and revamp the 2005 agreement between the federal and provincial governments to achieve universal childcare, and encourage workplaces to create childcare spaces by providing direct tax credits of $1,500 per child per year.[4]

Green Party

An NDP government will implement a national public universal child care program.

New Democratic Party

The Bloc will demand $190 million for Quebec taxpayers as a reimbursement for daycare fees.[17]

Bloc Quebecois

Indigenous Self-Determination

If elected, a Liberal government would adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as Canadian law.[32]

Liberal Party

If elected, the People’s Party will change or abolish the Indian Act to create a new relationship with First Nations. A People’s Party government will respect the treaties already signed.[33]

People's Party

If elected, a Conservative government will ensure that infrastructure projects involve Indigenous consultations in the forefront of the planning process.[3]

Conservative Party

If elected, a Green government will abolish the federal Indian Act, allow Indigenous peoples to govern themselves, and work towards a National Healing Strategy to right previous wrongs.[34]

Green Party

An NDP government will seek to reconcile the relationship between the Crown and Indigenous groups across Canada. A National Council for Reconciliation will be established that will work with Indigenous groups and establish relationships based on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's 94 Calls to Action released in June 2015.

New Democratic Party

The Bloc proposes to work to develop administrative autonomy in education, justice, and culture of First Nations communities based on the example of la Paix des braves.[17]

Bloc Quebecois

Justice

[2015] If elected, a Liberal government will create a new, non-partisan, merit-based process to advise the Prime Minister.[35]

Liberal Party

If elected, a Conservative government will impose a mandatory minimum sentence of 5 years for sexually abusing children.[36]

Conservative Party

Private donations should be capped at $500 to all political parties and public funding should be dependent on the number of votes each party receives.[37]

Bloc Quebecois